Largemouth Bass

Largemouth Bass Species

Micropterus Salmoides

Other Names: Black Bass, Trophy Bass, Lineside Bass, Green Trout, Bigmouth Bass

Description: 

The Largemouth Bass is the United States most popular species to catch and for great reasons. This green fish provides an action-packed fight and can grow to healthy sizes, especially in the state of Florida. On average, the bigmouth bass grows 4-8 inches during their first year of life, up to 14 inches in their second, and up to 18+ inches in three years.

Key characteristic of this species is that they are generally light to dark green in color. Dark blotches formulate in a horizontal line on both sides of the fish. The underbelly generally is light green to white. Largemouth bass has a divided dorsal fin with the anterior containing nine spines and the posterior containing 12-13 soft rays. Their upper jaw also reaches far beyond the rear margin of the eye.

Florida and Texas rank as the TOP Destinations to explore and catch trophy largemouth bass in the United States!

FEEDING PATTERNS + HABITAT:

Each location and destination across the United States will have different forage for bass of all sizes. Most juvenile largemouth bass consume mainly small insects, scuds, bait-fish, and shrimp. As the bass becomes an adult, they will begin to consume a larger prey. This includes shad, bluegill, crawfish, snails, snakes, frogs, small water birds, baby alligators, and lizards. Larger lakes and reservoirs across the country that have deeper water provide largemouth with a diet of mainly younger fish. These fish include shad, yellow perch, shiners, sunfish and more. They will even consume trout, walleye, striped bass, and catfish. 

Bass can devour a population of baitfish rather quickly. Lakes and fisheries that have more vegetation and weeded cover, provide a balanced ecosystem. It will also slow down the growth rate of the black bass. When looking to ambush prey, the bass will be sheltered in submerged structures including drop-offs, weedbeds, points, humps, and ridges. Brush and overhanging banks are other great areas of focus. The black bass uses vibration, hearing, sight, and smell in order to seize its prey. 

You can find bass in rivers, streams, lakes, and ponds across the world. They preferably like non-flowing water with an abundance of vegetation. Clean and clear water also attract more fish to its location. The Largemouth Bass is the ultimate predator within their habitat, but can be preyed upon when younger!

LARGEMOUTH BASS SPAWN:

When it comes to the largemouth bass spawn, you can break it down into Pre-Spawn, Spawn, and Post-Spawn. All these spawning patterns are indicative of water temperatures. The sweet spot for most regions is around 55-65 degrees Fahrenheit. Once the temperatures reach this point, the bass will begin to spawn. 

Male largemouth will prep the bed for the female bass. Once the female bass moves into the shallow water to lay her eggs, the male will stand guard for a period of time. The male does most of the work making sure that their young are safe. 

Spawning areas are significantly noticeable when knowing what you are looking at. Large or small circles with white centers are indicative of a spawning bed. If it is empty, that bed is not active. During the peak of the year, you can generally find active and non-active areas of bedding. 

Spawning for largemouth bass can occur multiple times a year especially if weather conditions are stable. It is important to maintain a conservation angling mind frame when looking to target bedding fish.

FISHING FOR BASS:

Fishing for largemouth bass is one of the most exciting forms of freshwater fishing. Hard-fights and big bass are what keeps anglers coming back for more, especially on Lake Okeechobee. Also, they become airborne in their efforts to spit the hook. Hard-fights, aerobatic movements, and trophy catch potential make largemouth the number one game fish. All across the world, you can have a blast catching this fish that comes in all sizes and habitats. Just like its predecessor, the smallmouth bass, is an additional catch to explore in the northern region of the United States!

ARTIFICIAL BAIT FISHING

 

Most anglers choose to fish for bass with artificial lures. The most common lure of choice is a soft-plastic worm or creature bait. Also, anglers have a blast catching bass on jigs, crankbaits, and spinnerbaits. Swimbaits and swim jigs also have become a very popular method to hunt down trophy largemouth bass, especially in Florida. Artificial fishing for largemouth bass can get you addicted to bass fishing all across the nation and world. Quick and easy access to a wide range of waterways allows you to explore and catch largemouth bass all year round! 
LIVE BAIT FISHING

 

When it comes to live bait fishing for largemouth bass, you have several options. Live bait, including minnows, frogs, crawfish, nightcrawlers, and earthworms can be very productive in catching bass. One of the most common techniques to catch bass in Florida with live bait is the use of Golden Shiners. By far, it is one of the best ways to put trophy largemouth bass in the boat. Shiners, frogs, lizards, baby water birds, and bait fish are all common forage for black bass.
WHERE CAN YOU FISH FOR BASS:
Largemouth bass in Florida

BASS IN FLORIDA

The black bass is the state of Florida’s top game fish for recreational freshwater anglers. Bass in Florida reach trophy proportions and are caught year-round. A trophy largemouth bass is one in the 8+ pound range. You can find largemouth in rivers and lakes near underwater structures and vegetation. Florida is home to some of the best bass fishing!
Largemouth Bass in Mexico

BASS IN MEXICO

Lobina Negra, is the spanish name for largemouth bass. A member of the Centrarchidae family or sunfish known as lobinas in Mexico. You can find bass in rivers, lakes, streams and ponds of the freshwater systems of Mexico. Most of the lakes that produce trophy largemouth bass are stocked with Florida-strain bass!
Largemouth Bass in Texas

BASS IN TEXAS

In Texas, you can find two strains of bass: the Micropterus salmoides salmoides (native) and the Micropterus salmoides floridanus (Florida strain). Just like Florida, the black bass is highly sought after in Texas and their conservation efforts definitely support it. Texas bass fishing is a great way to adventure and explore what this state has to offer!
Largemouth Bass in California

BASS IN CALIFORNIA

California has always been ranked as a TOP destination to catch largemouth bass in trophy-proportions. Fishing for bass has provided numerous economic and recreational value to the state. You can catch a wide variety of species of bass in California including, Spotted and Smallmouth Bass!
MORE INFORMATION ABOUT LARGEMOUTH BASS:

Fun Facts:

  • Bass can eat prey up to 35% of their body length
  • Average life span is 10-16 years
  • Two world-record bass were caught and declared a tie weighing at 22-pounds, 4 ounces.
  • Largemouth bass use scent mainly to attack and ambush prey
  • Females can lay a large number of eggs between 2,000-40,000 eggs

Records:

  • World: 22-pounds, 4-ounce on Lake Montgomery in 1932
  • Florida: 17-pounds, 4-ounces on a private lake, 1986
  • Texas: 18-pounds, 2.8 ounces on Lake Fork, 1992
  • California: 21-pounds, 12 ounces on Lake Castaic, 1991

Fishing Techniques:

  • Light Tackle
  • Heavy Tackle
  • Livebait
  • Fly Fishing
  • Artificial Lures

Fishing Equipment:

  • Spinning Rods
  • Baitcasting Rods
  • Left & Right Handed
  • Fly Rods (request only)
  • Braid & Mono Line

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